FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS


Contents

  1. What is IATA. ?
  2. What is ICAO ?
  3. What is HCAA ?
  4. What is FAA ?
  5. What is  JAA ?
  6. What is EASA ?

 

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What is IATA ... ?

International air transport is one of the most dynamic and fastest-changing industries in the world. It needs a responsive, forward-looking and universal trade association, operating at the highest professional standards. IATA is that association.

IATA brings together approximately 265 airlines, including the world's largest. Flights by these airlines comprise 94 percent of all international scheduled air traffic.

Since these airlines face a rapidly changing world, they must cooperate in order to offer a seamless service of the highest possible standard to passengers and cargo shippers. Much of that cooperation is expressed through IATA, whose mission is to "represent, lead and serve the airline industry".

Continual efforts by IATA ensure that people, freight and mail can move around the vast global airline network as easily as if they were on a single airline in a single country. In addition, IATA helps to ensure that Members' aircraft can operate safely, securely, efficiently and economically under clearly defined and understood rules.

For consumers, IATA simplifies the travel and shipping process. By helping to control airline costs, IATA contributes to cheaper tickets and shipping costs. Thanks to airline cooperation through IATA, individual passengers can make one telephone call to reserve a ticket, pay in one currency and then use the ticket on several airlines in several countries – or even return it for a cash refund.

IATA is also a collective link between third parties and the airlines. Passenger and cargo agents are able to make representations to the industry through IATA and derive the benefit of neutrally applied agency service standards and levels of professional skill. Equipment manufacturers and third-party service providers are able to join in the airline meetings which define the way air transport goes about its business.

IATA allows airlines to operate more efficiently. It offers joint means – beyond the resources of any single company – of exploiting opportunities, reducing costs and solving problems. Airlines knit their individual networks into a world-wide system through IATA, despite differences in language, currencies, laws and national customs.

IATA is a useful means for governments to work with airlines and draw on their experience and expertise. Working standards within the aviation industry are developed within IATA. In fostering safe and efficient air transport, IATA serves the stated policies of most of the world's governments.

 

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What is ICAO  ?

 

Convention on International Civil Aviation (also known as Chicago Convention), was signed on 7 December 1944 by 52 States. Pending ratification of the Convention by 26 States, the Provisional International Civil Aviation Organization (PICAO) was established. It functioned from 6 June 1945 until 4 April 1947. By 5 March 1947 the 26th ratification was received. ICAO came into being on 4 April 1947. In October of the same year, ICAO became a specialized agency of the United Nations linked to Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).

The Convention on International Civil Aviation set forth the purpose of ICAO:

"WHEREAS the future development of international civil aviation can greatly help to create and preserve friendship and understanding among the nations and peoples of the world, yet its abuse can become a threat to the general security; and

WHEREAS it is desirable to avoid friction and to promote that co-operation between nations and peoples upon which the peace of the world depends;

THEREFORE, the undersigned governments having agreed on certain principles and arrangements in order that international civil aviation may be developed in a safe and orderly manner and that international air transport services may be established on the basis of equality of opportunity and operated soundly and economically;

Have accordingly concluded this Convention to that end."

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What is HCAA ?

[This is the answer to the question.]

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What is FAA?


Is to provide the safest, most efficient aerospace system in the world.

Iis to improve the safety and efficiency of aviation, while being responsive to our customers and accountable to the public.

  • Safety is our passion. We're world leaders in aerospace safety.
  • Quality is our trademark. We serve our country, our customers, and each other.
  • Integrity is our character. We do the right thing, even if no one is looking.
  • People are our strength. We treat each other as we want to be treated.

 

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What is JAA ?

Introduction to JAA
The Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA) is an associated body of the European Civil Aviation Conference (ECAC) representing the civil aviation regulatory authorities of a number of European States who have agreed to co-operate in developing and implementing common safety regulatory standards and procedures.  This co-operation is intended to provide high and consistent standards of safety and a "level playing-field" for competition in Europe.  Much emphasis is also placed on harmonising the JAA regulations with those of the USA.

The JAA Membership is based on signing the "JAA Arrangements" document originally signed by the then current Member States in Cyprus in 1990.  Based on these Arrangements and related commitments, the JAA's objectives and functions may be summarised as follows:

Objectives:

  • "Aviation Safety":
    To ensure, through co-operation amongst Member States, that JAA members achieve a high, consistent level of aviation safety.
  • "Transition from JAA to EASA":
    To ensure the highest level of contribution to the European Union for establishing a European Aviation Safety Agency that would absorb all functions and activities of the JAA in as short a period as possible and would ensure the full participation of the JAA non EU Member States.
  • "Business Effectiveness":
    To achieve a cost effective safety system in order to contribute to an efficient civil aviation industry.
  • "Consolidation of Common Standards":
    To contribute, through the uniform application of common standards and through regular review of existing regulatory situation, to fair and equal competition within Member States.
  • "Worldwide Aviation Safety Improvement":
    To co-operate with other regional organisations or national authorities of States who are playing an important role in Civil Aviation, in order to reach at least the JAA safety-level and to foster the world-wide implementation of harmonised safety standards and requirements through the conclusion of international arrangements.

Functions:

  • To develop and adopt Joint Aviation Requirements (JARs) in the fields of aircraft design and manufacture, aircraft operations and maintenance, and the licensing of aviation personnel.
  • To develop administrative and technical procedures for the implementation of JARs.
  • To implement JARs and the related administrative and technical procedures in a co-ordinated and uniform manner.
  • To adopt measures to ensure, whenever possible, that pursuance of the JAA safety objective does not unreasonably distort competition between the aviation industries of Member States or place companies of Member States at a competitive disadvantage with companies of non Member States.
  • To provide a centre of professional expertise in Europe on the harmonisation of aviation safety regulations.
  • To co-operate on the harmonisation of requirements and procedures with other safety regulatory authorities, in particular the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).

 

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What is EASA?

Our Mission
EASA promotes the highest common standards of safety and environmental protection in civil aviation. We are the centrepiece of a new, cost-efficient regulatory system in Europe and a reliable partner for our counterpart authorities throughout the world.

Our Vision
A safe and sustainable aviation system.

Our Values
People. EASA invests in the best qualified professionals to build a European centre of excellence in aviation safety.

Performance. We aim to reach our regulatory and advisory goals with the highest level of efficiency and integrity.

Accountability. EASA is fully accountable to the European Union and the public through a system of checks and balances involving national governments and the European institutions.

What we do
EASA is an independent European Community body with a legal personality and autonomy in legal, administrative and financial matters. Our main tasks are:

More details on these tasks can be found in our   Safer Skies for European Citizens brochure.

Our partners
We work closely with representatives of other organisations to ensure that we take their views into account:

 

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